How To Register On eShram

Learn More About Government Schemes, How To Register On eShram, Importance, Significance, And Other More Information

India’s economic engine thrives on the tireless efforts of millions of unorganized workers. From construction laborers and street vendors to home-based artisans and migrant workers, this vast and diverse workforce plays a pivotal role in national development.

However, these workers often lack job security and access to social security benefits enjoyed by their counterparts in the organized sector. Recognizing this gap, the Government of India launched the eShram portal – a revolutionary initiative aimed at empowering and providing social security to India’s unorganized workforce.

How To Register On eShram

“eShram,” meaning “e-labour” in Hindi, is a national online portal designed specifically for India’s unorganized workforce. Launched in 2021 by the Ministry of Labour and Employment, eShram acts as a centralized database for registering unorganized workers across various industries. It encompasses a wide range of professions, including construction workers, street vendors, rickshaw pullers, home-based artisans, agricultural workers, and migrant laborers.

Why Register on eShram?

The unorganized workforce in India has traditionally faced challenges like lack of job security, limited access to social security benefits, and vulnerability during emergencies. eShram strives to bridge this gap by offering numerous advantages to registered workers:

  • Universal Account Number (UAN): Upon registration, each worker receives a unique 12-digit UAN. This acts as a lifelong identifier for accessing various social security schemes that may be rolled out in the future.
  • Enhanced Visibility: The eShram portal creates a centralized record of unorganized workers, making them visible to the government and potential employers. This could lead to better policy decisions and enhanced employment opportunities.
  • Social Security Benefits: The government plans to deliver various social security benefits like accident insurance, maternity benefits, and pension schemes directly through the eShram portal in the future.
  • Financial Assistance: During emergencies and national crises, the eShram database can be used to identify and provide targeted financial assistance to unorganized workers.
  • Skilling Opportunities: The portal can potentially connect workers with skilling initiatives, enhancing their employability and earning potential.

Who Can Register on eShram?

Registration on eShram is open to all unorganized workers between the ages of 16 and 59 years. However, individuals already registered under schemes like EPFO (Employees’ Provident Fund Organisation) or ESIC (Employees’ State Insurance Corporation) are not eligible. The only essential documents required for registration are a valid Aadhaar card and a mobile phone number linked to the Aadhaar.

How To Register On eShram

Registering on eShram is a straightforward process that can be done online or through designated Common Service Centres (CSCs).

Online Registration:

  1. Visit the eShram portal (
  2. Click on the “Self Registration” button.
  3. Enter your Aadhaar number and captcha code.
  4. Your cell number associated with Aadhaar will get a One Time Password (OTP). Tap the OTP button to confirm your identity.
  5. Fill in the required details like your name, father’s name, date of birth, permanent address, and preferred language.
  6. Select your occupation from the provided list.
  7. Provide your bank account details if you wish to receive benefits directly (optional).
  8. Please double-check your entries before submitting the registration form.

Registration through CSCs:

Individuals who lack access to the internet or require assistance can visit their nearest CSC for registration. CSC operators will guide you through the process and complete the registration using biometric authentication of your Aadhaar card.

Additional Tips for Registration

  • Ensure your Aadhaar card is linked to your mobile phone number for seamless OTP verification.
  • Have basic details like your father’s name and date of birth readily available.
  • Choose the occupation category that best reflects your primary work.
  • Entering your bank account details is optional but recommended for future benefits.
  • Keep a note of your UAN (Universal Account Number) generated upon registration.

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