NFSA Fair Price Shop

Learn More About Ration Card, NFSA Fair Price Shop, About NFSA, Importance, Significance, And Other More Information

Food security is a fundamental right, and every individual should have access to affordable and nutritious food. Recognizing this, the Government of India introduced the National Food Security Act (NFSA) in 2013. The NFSA aims to provide subsidized food grains to the economically vulnerable sections of society through a network of Fair Price Shops (FPS).

NFSA Fair Price Shop 2024

The National Food Security Act (NFSA) is a landmark legislation enacted by the Indian Parliament with the objective of ensuring food security for all citizens of the country. It is a comprehensive law that addresses the issue of hunger and malnutrition by guaranteeing access to adequate quantities of quality food at affordable prices.

Under the NFSA, priority households are identified and provided with highly subsidized food grains. Priority households include families below the poverty line, marginalized sections of society, and other vulnerable groups. The act also recognizes the nutritional needs of children, pregnant women, and lactating mothers, ensuring their access to special food entitlements.

NFSA Fair Price Shop

The NFSA Fair Price Shop (FPS) is the cornerstone of the government’s efforts to implement the NFSA effectively. These shops act as the primary distribution points for subsidized food grains and other essential commodities. The FPS network plays a crucial role in ensuring that the benefits of the NFSA reach the intended beneficiaries.

Each FPS is operated by a licensed dealer appointed by the government. These dealers are responsible for procuring food grains from the designated agencies and distributing them to eligible households. The FPS operates under strict guidelines to prevent any misuse or diversion of subsidized food grains.

Importance and Significance

The NFSA Fair Price Shop holds immense importance in the implementation of the NFSA. These shops are important for the following main reasons:

1. Accessibility:

The FPS network ensures that subsidized food grains are easily accessible to the targeted beneficiaries. By establishing these shops in both rural and urban areas, the government aims to bridge the gap between food production and consumption.

2. Affordability:

The primary objective of the NFSA is to provide food grains at affordable prices. The FPS ensures that eligible households can purchase essential commodities at highly subsidized rates, thereby reducing their financial burden and improving their overall well-being.

3. Transparency:

The NFSA Fair Price Shop operates under a transparent system, reducing the chances of corruption and ensuring that the benefits reach the intended beneficiaries. The government has implemented various measures, such as the use of technology, to monitor the functioning of FPS and prevent any malpractices.

4. Nutritional Security:

The NFSA recognizes the importance of nutrition, especially for vulnerable groups such as children, pregnant women, and lactating mothers. The FPS ensures that these special entitlements are available to them, promoting better health outcomes and reducing the prevalence of malnutrition.

5. Employment Generation:

The establishment of FPS creates employment opportunities at the local level. Licensed dealers, who operate these shops, contribute to the local economy while ensuring the smooth functioning of the distribution system.


The NFSA Fair Price Shop is a critical component of the National Food Security Act, ensuring that subsidized food grains reach the targeted beneficiaries. By providing accessibility, affordability, transparency, and nutritional security, these shops play a vital role in eradicating hunger and malnutrition. The government’s commitment to food security is evident through the establishment and regulation of the FPS network, which continues to make a positive impact on the lives of millions of vulnerable individuals in India.

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